Daily mail Registration Page Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards Web Security Problem

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Daily mail Registration Page Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards Web Security Problem

Website Description:
“The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-market tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust. First published in 1896 by Lord Northcliffe, it is the United Kingdom’s second biggest-selling daily newspaper after The Sun. Its sister paper The Mail on Sunday was launched in 1982. Scottish and Irish editions of the daily paper were launched in 1947 and 2006 respectively. The Daily Mail was Britain’s first daily newspaper aimed at the newly-literate “lower-middle class market resulting from mass education, combining a low retail price with plenty of competitions, prizes and promotional gimmicks”, and was the first British paper to sell a million copies a day. It was at the outset a newspaper for women, the first to provide features especially for them, and as of the second-half of 2013 had a 54.77% female readership, the only British newspaper whose female readers constitute more than 50% of its demographic. It had an average daily circulation of 1,708,006 copies in March 2014. Between July and December 2013 it had an average daily readership of approximately 3.951 million, of whom approximately 2.503 million were in the ABC1 demographic and 1.448 million in the C2DE demographic. Its website has more than 100 million unique visitors per month.” (Wikipedia)

One of its website’s Alexa rank is 93 on January 01 2015. The website is one of the most popular websites in the United Kingdom.

(1) Vulnerability Description:
Daily online websites have a cyber security problem. Hacker can exploit it by Open Redirect (Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards) attacks. During the tests, all Daily mail websites (Daily Mail, Mail on Sunday & Metro media group) use the same mechanism. These websites include dailymail.co.uk, thisismoney.co.uk, and mailonsunday.co.uk.

Google Dork:
“Part of the Daily Mail, The Mail on Sunday & Metro Media Group”

The vulnerability occurs at “&targetUrl” parameter in “logout.html?” page, i.e.
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/registration/logout.html?targetUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fgoogle.com

dailymail_1

 

thisismoney_1

(2.1) Use the following tests to illustrate the scenario painted above.
The redirected webpage address is “http://diebiyi.com/articles“. Can suppose that this webpage is malicious.

Vulnerable URLs:
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/registration/logout.html?targetUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fdailymail.co.uk
http://www.thisismoney.co.uk/registration/logout.html?targetUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fhao123.com/
http://www.mailonsunday.co.uk/registration/logout.html?targetUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fpinterest.com

POC Code:
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/registration/logout.html?targetUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fdiebiyi.com/articles
http://www.thisismoney.co.uk/registration/logout.html?targetUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fdiebiyi.com/articles
http://www.mailonsunday.co.uk/registration/logout.html?targetUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fdiebiyi.com/articles

POC Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AU-HJGe5BWE&feature=youtu.be

Blog Detail:
http://tetraph.com/security/website-test/daily-mail-url-redirection/
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/10/daily-mail-registration-page.html
https://vulnerabilitypost.wordpress.com/2015/10/30/daily-mail-open-redirect/

(2.2) The program code flaw can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Microsoft IE (9 9.0.8112.16421) of Windows 8, Mozilla Firefox (37.0.2) & Google Chromium 42.0.2311 (64-bit) of Ubuntu (14.04.2),and Apple Safari 6.1.6 of Mac OS X v10.9 Mavericks.

These bugs were found by using URFDS (Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards Detection System).

(2) Description of Open Redirect:
Here is the description of Open Redirect: “A web application accepts a user-controlled input that specifies a link to an external site, and uses that link in a Redirect. This simplifies phishing attacks. An http parameter may contain a URL value and could cause the web application to redirect the request to the specified URL. By modifying the URL value to a malicious site, an attacker may successfully launch a phishing scam and steal user credentials. Because the server name in the modified link is identical to the original site, phishing attempts have a more trustworthy appearance.” (From CWE)

(3) Vulnerability Disclosure:
These vulnerabilities have not been patched.

Discover and Reporter:
Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing

 

 

 

 

Reference:
https://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2015110028
http://computerobsess.blogspot.com/2015/11/daily-mail-open-redirect.html
http://itinfotech.tumblr.com/post/132726134291/ithut-daily-mail-registration-page-unvalidated
http://itsecurity.lofter.com/post/1cfbf9e7_8d45d37
https://inzeed.wordpress.com/2015/11/07/daily-mail-registration-page
http://webtechhut.blogspot.com/2015/11/daily-mail-registration-page.html
https://community.webroot.com/t5/Security-Industry-News/The-Telegraph-and-Daily-Mail
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/2643|
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/11/03/8

 

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Daily Mail Online Website XSS Cyber Security Zero-Day Vulnerability

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Daily Mail Online Website XSS Cyber Security Zero-Day Vulnerability



Website Description:
“The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-market tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust. First published in 1896 by Lord Northcliffe, it is the United Kingdom’s second biggest-selling daily newspaper after The Sun. Its sister paper The Mail on Sunday was launched in 1982. Scottish and Irish editions of the daily paper were launched in 1947 and 2006 respectively. The Daily Mail was Britain’s first daily newspaper aimed at the newly-literate “lower-middle class market resulting from mass education, combining a low retail price with plenty of competitions, prizes and promotional gimmicks”, and was the first British paper to sell a million copies a day. It was at the outset a newspaper for women, the first to provide features especially for them, and as of the second-half of 2013 had a 54.77% female readership, the only British newspaper whose female readers constitute more than 50% of its demographic. It had an average daily circulation of 1,708,006 copies in March 2014. Between July and December 2013 it had an average daily readership of approximately 3.951 million, of whom approximately 2.503 million were in the ABC1 demographic and 1.448 million in the C2DE demographic. Its website has more than 100 million unique visitors per month.” (Wikipedia)

 

Domain Name:
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/

The Alexa rank of it is 93 on January 01 2015. It is one of the most popular websites in the United Kingdom.

 

dailymail_uk_xss

 

(1) Vulnerability description:

Daily Mail has a security problem. Criminals can exploit it by XSS attacks.

The vulnerability occurs at “reportAbuseInComment.html?” page with “&commentId” parameter, i.e.
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/reportAbuseInComment.html?articleId=346288&commentId=877038

 

 

POC Code:

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/reportAbuseInComment.html?articleId=346288&commentId=”><img src=x onerror=prompt(‘justqdjing’)>

The vulnerability can be attacked without user log in. Tests were performed on Mozilla Firefox (34.0) in Ubuntu (14.04) and Microsoft IE (9.0.15) in Windows 7.

 

Poc Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oig-ZrlJDf8&feature=youtu.be

 

Blog Detail:
http://tetraph.com/security/web-security/daily-mail-xss-bug/
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/10/daily-mail-online-website-xss-cyber.html
https://vulnerabilitypost.wordpress.com/2015/10/30/daily-mail-xss/

 

(2) What is XSS?

“Cross-site scripting (XSS) is a type of computer security vulnerability typically found in web applications. XSS enables attackers to inject client-side script into web pages viewed by other users. A cross-site scripting vulnerability may be used by attackers to bypass access controls such as the same-origin policy. Cross-site scripting carried out on websites accounted for roughly 84% of all security vulnerabilities documented by Symantec as of 2007. Their effect may range from a petty nuisance to a significant security risk, depending on the sensitivity of the data handled by the vulnerable site and the nature of any security mitigation implemented by the site’s owner.” (Wikipedia)

 

 

 

(3) Vulnerability Disclosure:

This vulnerability has been patched.

 

 

 

Discoved and Disclosured By:
Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reference:
https://packetstormsecurity.com/files/134189/Daily-Mail-Unvalidated-Redirect
http://news.softpedia.com/news/the-telegraph-and-daily-mail-fix-xss
https://www.secnews.gr/dailymail_open_redirect_bug
http://whitehatview.tumblr.com/post/132726489926/daily-mail-xss
http://sys-secure.es/daily-mail-registration-page-unvalidated
http://itsecuritynews.info/tag/jing-wang/
http://itsecurity.lofter.com/post/1cfbf9e7_8d45d6b
http://computerobsess.blogspot.com/2015/11/daily-mail-xss.html
https://computertechhut.wordpress.com/2015/11/04/daily-mail-xss/
http://marc.info/?l=full-disclosure&m=144651836427184&w=4

Daily mail Registration Page Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards & XSS Web Security Problem

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Daily mail Registration Page Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards & XSS Web Security Problem

 

Website Description:
“The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-market tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust. First published in 1896 by Lord Northcliffe, it is the United Kingdom’s second biggest-selling daily newspaper after The Sun. Its sister paper The Mail on Sunday was launched in 1982. Scottish and Irish editions of the daily paper were launched in 1947 and 2006 respectively. The Daily Mail was Britain’s first daily newspaper aimed at the newly-literate “lower-middle class market resulting from mass education, combining a low retail price with plenty of competitions, prizes and promotional gimmicks”, and was the first British paper to sell a million copies a day. It was at the outset a newspaper for women, the first to provide features especially for them, and as of the second-half of 2013 had a 54.77% female readership, the only British newspaper whose female readers constitute more than 50% of its demographic. It had an average daily circulation of 1,708,006 copies in March 2014. Between July and December 2013 it had an average daily readership of approximately 3.951 million, of whom approximately 2.503 million were in the ABC1 demographic and 1.448 million in the C2DE demographic. Its website has more than 100 million unique visitors per month.” (Wikipedia)

One of its website’s Alexa rank is 93 on January 01 2015. The website is one of the most popular websites in the United Kingdom.

The Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards problem has not been patched, while the XSS problem has been patched.

 

 

 

(1) Daily mail Registration Page Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards Web Security Problem

 

(1.1) Vulnerability Description:
Daily online websites have a cyber security problem. Hacker can exploit it by Open Redirect (Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards) attacks. During the tests, all Daily mail websites (Daily Mail, Mail on Sunday & Metro media group) use the same mechanism. These websites include dailymail.co.uk, thisismoney.co.uk, and mailonsunday.co.uk.

 

 

dailymail_1

thisismoney_1

 

 

 

Google Dork:
“Part of the Daily Mail, The Mail on Sunday & Metro Media Group”

 

 

The vulnerability occurs at “&targetUrl” parameter in “logout.html?” page, i.e.
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/registration/logout.html?targetUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fgoogle.com

 

 

 

(1.2.1) Use the following tests to illustrate the scenario painted above.

The redirected webpage address is “http://diebiyi.com/articles“. Can suppose that this webpage is malicious.

 

 

 

(1.2.2) The program code flaw can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Microsoft IE (9 9.0.8112.16421) of Windows 8, Mozilla Firefox (37.0.2) & Google Chromium 42.0.2311 (64-bit) of Ubuntu (14.04.2),and Apple Safari 6.1.6 of Mac OS X v10.9 Mavericks.

These bugs were found by using URFDS (Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards Detection System).

 

 

 

(1.2) Description of Open Redirect:
Here is the description of Open Redirect: “A web application accepts a user-controlled input that specifies a link to an external site, and uses that link in a Redirect. This simplifies phishing attacks. An http parameter may contain a URL value and could cause the web application to redirect the request to the specified URL. By modifying the URL value to a malicious site, an attacker may successfully launch a phishing scam and steal user credentials. Because the server name in the modified link is identical to the original site, phishing attempts have a more trustworthy appearance.” (From CWE)

 

 

 

(1.3) Vulnerability Disclosure:
These vulnerabilities have not been patched.

 

 

 

 

(2) Daily Mail Website XSS Cyber Security Zero-Day Vulnerability

(2.1) Vulnerability description:
DailyMail has a security problem. Criminals can exploit it by XSS attacks.

The vulnerability occurs at “reportAbuseInComment.html?” page with “&commentId” parameter, i.e.
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/reportAbuseInComment.html?articleId=346288&commentId=877038

The vulnerability can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Mozilla Firefox (34.0) in Ubuntu (14.04) and Microsoft IE (9.0.15) in Windows 7.

dailymail_uk_xss




(2.2) What is XSS?
“Cross-site scripting (XSS) is a type of computer security vulnerability typically found in web applications. XSS enables attackers to inject client-side script into web pages viewed by other users. A cross-site scripting vulnerability may be used by attackers to bypass access controls such as the same-origin policy. Cross-site scripting carried out on websites accounted for roughly 84% of all security vulnerabilities documented by Symantec as of 2007. Their effect may range from a petty nuisance to a significant security risk, depending on the sensitivity of the data handled by the vulnerable site and the nature of any security mitigation implemented by the site’s owner.” (Wikipedia)

 

 

 

(2.3) Vulnerability Disclosure:
This vulnerability has been patched.

 

 

Discover and Reporter:
Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing

 

 

 

 

TeleGraph All Photo (Picture) Pages Have Been Vulnerable to XSS Cyber Attacks

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Website Description:
http://www.telegraph.co.uk

 

“The Daily Telegraph is a British daily morning English-language broadsheet newspaper, published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed throughout the United Kingdom and internationally. The newspaper was founded by Arthur B. Sleigh in June 1855 as The Daily Telegraph and Courier, and since 2004 has been owned by David and Frederick Barclay. It had a daily circulation of 523,048 in March 2014, down from 552,065 in early 2013. In comparison, The Times had an average daily circulation of 400,060, down to 394,448. The Daily Telegraph has a sister paper, The Sunday Telegraph, that was started in 1961, which had circulation of 418,670 as of March 2014. The two printed papers currently are run separately with different editorial staff, but there is cross-usage of stories. News articles published in either, plus online Telegraph articles, may also be published on the Telegraph Media Group’s http://www.telegraph.co.uk website, all under The Telegraph title.” (From Wikipedia)

 

 

 

(1) Vulnerability Description:

Telegraph has a Web security bug problem. It is vulnerable to XSS attacks. In fact, all its photo pages are vulnerable to XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) vulnerabilities. Telegraph’s picture pages use “&frame” as its parameter. All its web pages use “&frame” are vulnerable to the bugs. Those vulnerabilities have been patched now.

 

 

Examples of Vulnerable Links:

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/culturepicturegalleries/10663967/The-worlds-most-spectacular-theatres.html?frame=2836095

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/property/investmentinproperty/10609314/For-sale-top-20-properties-ripe-for-investment.html?frame=2808162

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/foodanddrink/foodanddrinkpicturegalleries/9737226/Elephant-dung-coffee-Black-Ivory-beans-passed-through-the-animals-guts.html?frame=2424280

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/9487434/Graduate-jobs-Best-languages-to-study.html?frame=2314790

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/motoring/picturegalleries/10782171/The-20-best-cars-to-own-in-2014.html?frame=2890278

 

 

POC Code:

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/culturepicturegalleries/10663967/The-worlds-most-spectacular-theatres.html?frame=2836095″><img src=x onerror=prompt(‘justqdjing’)>

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/property/investmentinproperty/10609314/For-sale-top-20-properties-ripe-for-investment.html?frame=2808162″><img src=x onerror=prompt(‘justqdjing’)>

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/foodanddrink/foodanddrinkpicturegalleries/9737226/Elephant-dung-coffee-Black-Ivory-beans-passed-through-the-animals-guts.html?frame=2424280″><img src=x onerror=prompt(‘justqdjing’)>

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/9487434/Graduate-jobs-Best-languages-to-study.html?frame=2314790″><img src=x onerror=prompt(‘justqdjing’)>

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/motoring/picturegalleries/10782171/The-20-best-cars-to-own-in-2014.html?frame=2890278″><img src=x onerror=prompt(‘justqdjing’)>

The vulnerability can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Firefox (37.02) in Ubuntu (14.04) and IE (8.0. 7601) in Windows 7. The bugs found by using CSXDS.

 

 

 

telegraph_frame_xss2

telegraph_frame_xss3

telegraph_frame_xss4









(2) XSS Description:

The description of XSS is: “Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks are a type of injection, in which malicious scripts are injected into otherwise benign and trusted web sites. XSS attacks occur when an attacker uses a web application to send malicious code, generally in the form of a browser side script, to a different end user. Flaws that allow these attacks to succeed are quite widespread and occur anywhere a web application uses input from a user within the output it generates without validating or encoding it.” (OWSAP)

 

Poc Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SqjlabJ1OzA&feature=youtu.be

 

Blog Details:
http://www.tetraph.com/security/website-test/telegraph-xss/
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/10/telegraph-xss-0day.html
https://vulnerabilitypost.wordpress.com/2015/10/30/telegraph-bug/

 

 

 

(3) Vulnerability Disclosure:

Those vulnerabilities are patched now.

 

 

 

Discoved and Disclosured By:
Wang Jing, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing

 

 

 

 

 

References:
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/11/03/7
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/2642
http://russiapost.blogspot.com/2015/11/telegraph-xss.html
https://itinfotechnology.wordpress.com/2015/11/01/telegraph-xss/
https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg02682.html
https://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2015110023
http://marc.info/?l=full-disclosure&m=144651821527165&w=4
http://germancast.blogspot.com/2015/11/telegraph-xss.html
http://itsecurity.lofter.com/post/1cfbf9e7_8d3ea9e
http://whitehatview.tumblr.com/post/132723700196/telegraph-xss
https://itswift.wordpress.com/2015/11/02/telegraph-xss/
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Nov/4

 

VuFind 1.0 Reflected XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Application 0-Day Web Security Bug

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VuFind 1.0 Reflected XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Application 0-Day Web Security Bug

 

Exploit Title: VuFind Results? &lookfor parameter Reflected XSS Web Security Vulnerability

Product: VuFind

Vendor: VuFind

Vulnerable Versions: 1.0

Tested Version: 1.0

Advisory Publication: September 20, 2015

Latest Update: September 25, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference:

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Discover and Reporter: Wang Jing [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 

 

mnpals_net_vufind_xss2

 

vufind_cmu_xss1




Caution Details:

 

(1) Vendor & Product Description:



Vendor:

VuFind

 

Product & Vulnerable Versions:

VuFind

1.0

 

Vendor URL & Download:

Product can be obtained from here,
http://sourceforge.net/p/vufind/news/

 

Product Introduction Overview:

“VuFind is a library resource portal designed and developed for libraries by libraries. The goal of VuFind is to enable your users to search and browse through all of your library’s resources by replacing the traditional OPAC to include: Catalog Records, Locally Cached Journals, Digital Library Items, Institutional Repository, Institutional Bibliography, Other Library Collections and Resources. VuFind is completely modular so you can implement just the basic system, or all of the components. And since it’s open source, you can modify the modules to best fit your need or you can add new modules to extend your resource offerings. VuFind runs on Solr Energy. Apache Solr, an open source search engine, offers amazing performance and scalability to allow for VuFind to respond to search queries in milliseconds time. It has the ability to be distributed if you need to spread the load of the catalog over many servers or in a server farm environment. VuFind is offered for free through the GPL open source license. This means that you can use the software for free. You can modify the software and share your successes with the community! Take a look at our VuFind Installations Wiki page to see how a variety of organizations have taken advantage of VuFind’s flexibility. If you are already using VuFind, feel free to edit the page and share your accomplishments. “

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

VuFind web application has a computer security problem. Hackers can exploit it by reflected XSS cyber attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug researchers before. VuFind has patched some of them. “scip AG was founded in 2002. We are driven by innovation, sustainability, transparency, and enjoyment of our work. We are completely self-funded and are thus in the comfortable position to provide completely independent and neutral services. Our staff consists of highly specialized experts who focus on the topic information security and continuously further their expertise through advanced training”.

 

(2.1) The code flaw occurs at “lookfor?” parameter in “/vufind/Resource/Results?” page.

 

Some other researcher has reported a similar vulnerability here and VuFind has patched it.
https://vufind.org/jira/si/jira.issueviews:issue-html/VUFIND-54/VUFIND-54.html

 

 

 

(3) Solution:

Update to new version.

 

 

 

 

References:
http://tetraph.com/security/xss-vulnerability/vufind-xss/
http://russiapost.blogspot.ru/2015/09/vufind-xss-issue.html
https://infoswift.wordpress.com/2015/09/25/vufind-issue/
http://www.openwall.com/lists/oss-security/2015/09/25/2
http://whitehatview.tumblr.com/post/129834589981/vufind-xss-bugs
http://itsecurity.lofter.com/post/1cfbf9e7_854cb25
https://progressive-comp.com/?l=oss-security&m=144316469829656&w=1
http://essayjeans.blog.163.com/blog/static/23717307420158253407863/
http://seclists.org/oss-sec/2015/q3/639
http://frenchairing.blogspot.fr/2015/09/vufind-bug.html
https://itswift.wordpress.com/2015/09/22/vufind-0day/
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.oss.general/17836

 

 

CVE-2014-4134 – phpwind v8.7 Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards Web Security Vulnerabilities

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phpwind_xss2

 

CVE-2014-4134 – phpwind v8.7 Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards Web Security Vulnerabilities

 

Exploit Title: phpwind v8.7 goto.php? &url Parameter Open Redirect Security Vulnerabilities

Product: phpwind

Vendor: phpwind

Vulnerable Versions: v8.7

Tested Version: v8.7

Advisory Publication: May 25, 2015

Latest Update: May 25, 2015

Vulnerability Type: URL Redirection to Untrusted Site (‘Open Redirect’) [CWE-601]

CVE Reference: CVE-2014-4134

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.8 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 4.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized disclosure of information; Allows unauthorized modification

Writer and Reporter: Wang Jing [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 

 

 

Caution Details:

 

(1) Vendor & Product Description:

Vendor:

phpwind

 

Product & Vulnerable Versions:

phpwind

v8.7

 

Vendor URL & Download:

Product can be obtained from here,

http://www.phpwind.net/thread/166

 

Product Introduction Overview:

“Today, the country’s 200,000 worth of small sites, there are nearly 100,000 community site uses phpwind, has accumulated more than one million sites use phpwind, there are 1,000 new sites every day use phpwind. These community sites covering 52 types of trades every day one million people gathered in phpwind build community, issued 50 million new information, visit more than one billion pages. National Day PV30 million or more in 1000 about a large community, there are more than 500 sites selected phpwind station software provided, including by scouring link Amoy satisfaction, a daily e-commerce and marketing groups, and other on-line product vigorously increase in revenue for the site. Excellent partners, such as Xiamen fish, of Long Lane, Erquan network, Kunshan forum, the North Sea 360, Huizhou West Lake, Huashang like.

phpwind recent focus on strengthening community media value, expand e-commerce applications community. phpwind focus on small sites to explore the value of integration and applications, we believe that the website that is community, the community can provide a wealth of applications to meet people access to information, communication, entertainment, consumer and other living needs, gain a sense of belonging, become online home . With the development of the Internet, in the form of the site will be more abundant, the integration of the Forum, more forms of information portals, social networking sites, we will integrate these applications to products which, and to create the most optimized user experience. phpwind mission is to make the community more valuable, so that more people enjoy the convenience of the Internet community in order to enhance the quality of life.”

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

phpwind web application has a computer cyber security bug problem. It can be exploited by Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards (URL Redirection) attacks. This could allow a user to create a specially crafted URL, that if clicked, would redirect a victim from the intended legitimate web site to an arbitrary web site of the attacker’s choosing. Such attacks are useful as the crafted URL initially appear to be a web page of a trusted site. This could be leveraged to direct an unsuspecting user to a web page containing attacks that target client side software such as a web browser or document rendering programs.

Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. phpwind has patched some of them. The Full Disclosure mailing list is a public forum for detailed discussion of vulnerabilities and exploitation techniques, as well as tools, papers, news, and events of interest to the community. FD differs from other security lists in its open nature and support for researchers’ right to decide how to disclose their own discovered bugs. The full disclosure movement has been credited with forcing vendors to better secure their products and to publicly acknowledge and fix flaws rather than hide them. Vendor legal intimidation and censorship attempts are not tolerated here! It also publishs suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to Open Redirect vulnerabilities and cyber intelligence recommendations.

 

(2.1) The first programming code flaw occurs at “&url” parameter in “/goto.php?” page.

 

 

 

 

 

References:

http://www.tetraph.com/security/open-redirect/phpwind-v8-7-open-redirect/

http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/05/phpwind-v87-xss.html

http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/computer-security/phpwind-v8-7-open-redirect/

https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=836880753013969&id=767438873291491

https://webtechwire.wordpress.com/2015/05/24/phpwind-v8-7-open-redirect-2/

http://diebiyi.com/articles/security/phpwind-v8-7-open-redirect/

https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg01741.html

http://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2015030028

http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Apr/35

http://www.openwall.com/lists/oss-security/2015/05/22/7

http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.oss.general/16883

 

Winmail Server 4.2 Reflected XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Web Application 0-Day Security Bug

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Winmail Server 4.2 Reflected XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Web Application 0-Day Security Bug

 

 

Exploit Title: Winmail Server badlogin.php &lid parameter Reflected XSS Web Security Vulnerability

Product: Winmail Server

Vendor: Winmail Server

Vulnerable Versions: 4.2 4.1

Tested Version: 4.2 4.1

Advisory Publication: August 24, 2015

Latest Update: August 30, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference:

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Discover and Reporter: Wang Jing [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 

 

winmail_page1

 

 

 

 

 

winmail_xss

 

 

Caution Details:

 



(1) Vendor & Product Description:

Vendor:

Winmail Server

 

Product & Vulnerable Versions:

Winmail Server

4.2 4.1

 

Vendor URL & Download:

Product can be obtained from here,
http://www.magicwinmail.net/download.asp

 


Product Introduction Overview:

“Winmail Server is an enterprise class mail server software system offering a robust feature set, including extensive security measures. Winmail Server supports SMTP, POP3, IMAP, Webmail, LDAP, multiple domains, SMTP authentication, spam protection, anti-virus protection, SSL security, Network Storage, remote access, Web-based administration, and a wide array of standard email options such as filtering, signatures, real-time monitoring, archiving, and public email folders. Winmail Server can be configured as a mail server or gateway for ISDN, ADSL, FTTB and cable modem networks, beyond standard LAN and Internet mail server configurations.”

 

 

 


(2) Vulnerability Details:

Winmail Server web application has a computer security problem. Hackers can exploit it by reflected XSS cyber attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. Winmail Server has patched some of them. “scip AG was founded in 2002. We are driven by innovation, sustainability, transparency, and enjoyment of our work. We are completely self-funded and are thus in the comfortable position to provide completely independent and neutral services. Our staff consists of highly specialized experts who focus on the topic information security and continuously further their expertise through advanced training”. Scip has recorded similar XSS bugs, such as scipID 26980.

 

(2.1) The code flaw occurs at “&lid” parameter in “badlogin.php” page. In fact, CVE-2005-3692 mentions that “&retid” parameter in “badlogin.php” page is vulnerable to XSS attacks. But it does not mention “&lid” parameter”. The scipID of the bug is 26980. Bugtraq (SecurityFocus) ID is 15493. OSVDB ID is 20926.

 

 

 

 

References:
http://tetraph.com/security/xss-vulnerability/winmail-server-4-2-reflected-xss/
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/08/winmail-server-42-reflected-xss.html
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/May/103
http://marc.info/?l=full-disclosure&m=143110916812709&w=4
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/2028
http://webtech.lofter.com/post/1cd3e0d3_6eef8c8
http://whitehatpost.blog.163.com/blog/static/242232054201573091630996/
https://hackertopic.wordpress.com/2015/08/25/winmail-server-4-2-reflected-xss/
http://whitehatview.tumblr.com/post/118853357881/tetraph-cve-2014-9468-instantasp
http://marc.info/?l=full-disclosure&m=142649827629327&w=4
https://packetstormsecurity.com/files/132029/SITEFACT-CMS-2.01-Cross-Site-Scripting.html

 

KnowledgeTree OSS 3.0.3b Reflected XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Web Application 0-Day Security Bug

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KnowledgeTree OSS 3.0.3b Reflected XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Web Application 0-Day Security Bug

 

Exploit Title: KnowledgeTree login.php &errorMessage parameter Reflected XSS Web Security Vulnerability

Product: Knowledge Tree Document Management System

Vendor: Knowledge Inc

Vulnerable Versions: OSS 3.0.3b

Tested Version: OSS 3.0.3b

Advisory Publication: August 22, 2015

Latest Update: August 31, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference:

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Discover and Reporter: Wang Jing [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 

knowledge_tree_page

 

 

knowledge tree_xss

 

 

 

 

Caution Details:

 

(1) Vendor & Product Description:

Vendor:

KnowledgeTree

 

Product & Vulnerable Versions:

Knowledge Tree Document Management System

OSS 3.0.3b

 

Vendor URL & Download:

Product can be obtained from here,
http://download.cnet.com/KnowledgeTree-Document-Management-System/3000-10743_4-10632972.html
http://www.knowledgetree.com/

 

Product Introduction Overview:

“KnowledgeTree is open source document management software designed for business people to use and install. Seamlessly connect people, ideas, and processes to satisfy all your collaboration, compliance, and business process requirements. KnowledgeTree works with Microsoft® Office®, Microsoft® Windows® and Linux®.”

 

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

KnowledgeTree web application has a computer security problem. Hackers can exploit it by reflected XSS cyber attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. KnowledgeTree has patched some of them. “Bugtraq is an electronic mailing list dedicated to issues about computer security. On-topic issues are new discussions about vulnerabilities, vendor security-related announcements, methods of exploitation, and how to fix them. It is a high-volume mailing list, and almost all new vulnerabilities are discussed there.”. It has listed similar exploits, such as Bugtraq (Security Focus) 32920.

 

(2.1) The code flaw occurs at “&errorMessage” parameter in “login.php” page.

One similar bug is CVE-2008-5858. Its X-Force ID is 47529.

 

 

 

 

 

References:
http://tetraph.com/security/xss-vulnerability/knowledgetree-oss-3-0-3b-reflected-xss/
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/08/knowledgetree-oss-303b-reflected-xss.html
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/May/31
https://progressive-comp.com/?l=full-disclosure&m=143110966112898&w=1
https://packetstormsecurity.com/files/132927/PhotoPost-PHP-4.8c-Cross-Site-Scripting.html
http://whitehatpost.blog.163.com/blog/static/242232054201573084141976/
https://hackertopic.wordpress.com/2015/08/22/knowledgetree-oss-3-0-3b-reflected-xss/
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/03/10/5
http://marc.info/?l=full-disclosure&m=143251239323317&w=4
https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg01415.html

 

CVE-2008-2335 – Vastal I-tech phpVID 1.2.3 Multiple XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

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vastal_2

 

CVE-2008-2335 – Vastal I-tech phpVID 1.2.3 Multiple XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities
Exploit Title: Vastal I-tech phpVID Multiple XSS Security Vulnerabilities
Product: phpVID
Vendor: Vastal I-tech
Vulnerable Versions: 1.2.3 0.9.9
Tested Version: 1.2.3 0.9.9
Advisory Publication: March 10, 2015
Latest Update: March 10, 2015
Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]
CVE Reference: CVE-2008-2335
Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):
CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)
Impact Subscore: 2.9
Exploitability Subscore: 8.6
CVSS Version 2 Metrics:
Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism
Access Complexity: Medium
Authentication: Not required to exploit
Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification
Discover and Reporter: Wang Jing [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 

 

 

 

Suggestion Details:

(1) Vendor & Product Description:


Vendor:

Vastal I-tech

 

Product & Vulnerable Versions:

phpVID

1.2.3

0.9.9

 

Vendor URL & Download:

phpVID can be bought from here,

http://www.vastal.com/phpvid-the-video-sharing-software.html#.VP7aQ4V5MxA

 

Product Introduction:

“phpVID is a video sharing software or a video shating script and has all the features that are needed to run a successful video sharing website like youtube.com. The features include the following. phpVID is the best youtube clone available. The latest features include the parsing of the subtitles file and sharing videos via facebook. With phpVID Video Sharing is extremely easy. “

“The quality of code and the latest web 2.0 technologies have helped our customers to achieve their goals with ease. Almost all customers who have purchased phpVID are running a successful video sharing website. The quality of code has helped in generating more then 3 million video views a month using a “single dedicated server”. phpVID is the only software in market which was built in house and not just purchased from someone. We wrote the code we know the code and we support the code faster then anyone else. Have any questions/concerns please contact us at: info@vastal.com. See demo at: http://www.phpvid.com. If you would like to see admin panel demo please email us at: info@vastal.com.”

“Server Requirements:

Preferred Server: Linux any Version

PHP 4.1.0 or above

MySQL 3.1.10 or above

GD Library 2.0.1 or above

Mod Rewrite and .htaccess enabled on server.

FFMPEG (If you wish to convert the videos to Adobe Flash)”

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

phpVID web application has a security bug problem. It can be exploited by XSS (Cross-site Scripting) attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server. Some bug hunter researchers also have found other XSS vulnerabilities related to it before. phpVID has patched some of them.

(2.1) The first code programming flaw occurs at “members.php?” page with “&browse” parameter.

(2.2) The second code programming flaw occurs at “login.php?” page with “&next” parameter.

(2.3) The third code programming flaw occurs at “search_results.php?” page with “&query” parameter.

(2.4) The fourth code programming flaw occurs at “groups.php?” page with “&type” parameter.

 

 

 

 

References:
http://www.tetraph.com/security/xss-vulnerability/vastal-i-tech-phpvid-1-2-3-multiple-xss
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/03/vastal-i-tech-phpvid-123-multiple-xss.html
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/computer-web-security/vastal-i-tech-phpvid-1-2-3
http://diebiyi.com/articles/security/vastal-i-tech-phpvid-1-2-3-multiple
https://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2015030026
http://computerobsess.blogspot.com/2015/09/vastal-xss.html
https://hackertopic.wordpress.com/2015/08/13/vastal-xss/
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/03/10/9
http://tetraph.blog.163.com/blog/static/234603051201584111058296/
http://marc.info/?l=full-disclosure&m=142601091100720&w=4
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1700

CVE-2014-4135 – phpwind v8.7 XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

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phpwind_xss1

 

CVE-2014-4135 – phpwind v8.7 XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

 

Exploit Title: phpwind v8.7 goto.php? &url Parameter XSS Security Vulnerabilities

Product: phpwind

Vendor: phpwind

Vulnerable Versions: v8.7

Tested Version: v8.7

Advisory Publication: May 25, 2015

Latest Update: May 25, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference: CVE-2014-4135

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Writer and Reporter: Wang Jing [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 

 

 

Caution Details:

 

(1) Vendor & Product Description:

Vendor:

phpwind

 

Product & Vulnerable Versions:

phpwind

v8.7

 

Vendor URL & Download:

Product can be obtained from here,

http://www.phpwind.net/thread/166

 

Product Introduction Overview:

“phpwind (abbreviation: pw) is a program based on PHP and MySQL open source community, and is one of the most popular general-Forum. phpwind ofstar first version was released in 2004. As of December 2013 phpwind brand items calculated by Ali cloud Co., Ltd. has, fully free open source software. Now accumulated more than one million websites use phpwind products, of which nearly 100,000 active website. Since the 2011 release PHPWind8.x series version, phpwind enhance community around the content value and promote community e-commerce two general direction of the development of multi-mode single-core products and achieve new forms of community. 2012 preparations for the release of phpwind9.0 will use self-developed Windframework phpwind framework and integrated computing architecture and so on Ali community cloud platform application center will provide a variety of solutions for future communities.

Today, the country’s 200,000 worth of small sites, there are nearly 100,000 community site uses phpwind, has accumulated more than one million sites use phpwind, there are 1,000 new sites every day use phpwind. These community sites covering 52 types of trades every day one million people gathered in phpwind build community, issued 50 million new information, visit more than one billion pages.

National Day PV30 million or more in 1000 about a large community, there are more than 500 sites selected phpwind station software provided, including by scouring link Amoy satisfaction, a daily e-commerce and marketing groups, and other on-line product vigorously increase in revenue for the site. Excellent partners, such as Xiamen fish, of Long Lane, Erquan network, Kunshan forum, the North Sea 360, Huizhou West Lake, Huashang like.”

 

 

 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

phpwind web application has a computer cyber security bug problem. It can be exploited by XSS attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. phpwind has patched some of them. CXSECurity is a huge collection of information on data communications safety. Its main objective is to inform about errors in various applications. It also publishes suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to XSS vulnerabilities and cyber intelligence recommendations.

 

(2.1) The first programming code flaw occurs at “&url” parameter in “/goto.php?” page.

 

 

 

 

 

References:
http://www.tetraph.com/security/xss-vulnerability/phpwind-v8-7-xss/
http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/computer-security/phpwind-v8-7-xss/
https://webtechwire.wordpress.com/2015/05/24/phpwind-v8-7-xss/
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/05/phpwind-v87-xss.html
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=939922519396264&id=874373602617823
https://itswift.wordpress.com/2015/05/24/phpwind-v8-7-xss/
https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg01904.html
http://whitehatpost.blog.163.com/blog/static/24223205420154248491580/
http://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2015040033
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Apr/38